IP rating on electrical products briefly explained

Now when buying electrical products from time to time you would note that in the information it would say IP xx rates. Example for outdoor suitable devices the common rating claimed would be IP 66 which is state to have certain criteria suitable for outdoor use.

To quote a description from one website (credits listed as a link)

“IP (or “Ingress Protection”) ratings are defined in international standard EN 60529 (British BS EN 60529:1992, European IEC 60509:1989). They are used to define levels of sealing effectiveness of electrical enclosures against intrusion from foreign bodies (tools, dirt etc) and moisture.” – www.enclosurecompany.com/ip-ratings-explained.php

To quote another description from another website (credits listed as a link)

The IP (International Protection) Rating of a product is represented by two numbers. The first digit is the protection rating against solid foreign objects (i.e. dust) and the second digit represents the protection against the ingress of water. The ratings available and descriptions are as follows:

First #
Solid Foreign Object

Second #
Water Ingress Protection

0
no protection

0
no protection

1
protected against solid objects up to 50mm

1
protected against vertically falling drops of water

2
protected against solid objects up to 12mm

2
protected against direct sprays of water up to 15º from the vertical

3
protected against solid objects over 2.5mm

3
protected against sprays of water up to 60º from the vertical

4
protected against solid objects over 1mm

4
protected against water splashed from all directions

5
protected against dust

5
protected against low pressure jets of water from all directions

6
totally protected against dust

6
protected against strong jets of water

7
protected against immersion

8
protected against complete continuous submersion in water

” – http://www.codecorp.com/iprating.php

To get the most current explanation the best place of course would be to get it from the standards body itself that has ratified (created/agree/provided) these standards.

But what you need to know and be aware is that there are some standards and regulation that provide you some minimum and in most cases best protection for your purpose.

So the next time you have a product that you require for use in possibly challenging conditions do look for the one with the features most relevant to your need.

Price isn’t always a factor of quality or suitability. Read the specifications and standards adhered to.

CCTV Monitoring Temperature and Humidity

CCTV systems have increased in the features that provide for specific functions. They range from low light (IR or sensitive CCD/CMOS sensor), facial recognition, stock count keeping automatically updating the stock levels, to motion detection and many more features.

Today the latest entrant to those features is temperature and humidity monitoring. This is especially useful for environments that require the ability to capture and monitor these changes. Industries that can make good use are from farming to monitoring environmental changes to sensitive products such as wineries, rooftops, computer rooms, telecommunication centres, utility centres and more.

More coming soon on this topic.

 

Latest update contained in this link

All new cameras that monitor temperature and humidity

CCTV Signal and Power – The different methods for the different technologies

This is a follow on from our previous article CCTV Basics http://kanshare.com/Solutions/cctv-basics-ip-cctv/

Today is about power and video. First is power. Everything needs power.

The most basic CCTV setup is the distributed power setup. This is easier as you grab power from the nearest socket or extend from the nearest power socket or lighting point.

 

1

The next format is the centralised power supply system. This requires wiring from camera all the way back to the central power supply. Generally you drag one cable for one camera. There are occasions some may split the power to cameras along the way. But this method is the surest way to having problems in the long run. In terms of trouble shooting and also the more technical which is power drop.

Below are the types of cables that can be used for a power solution for CCTVs. But they all have their particular use, methods of use and characteristics. A little more descriptions as enclosed in the slide.

 

Now as power has been provided separately. The choice of video transmission is equally varied. And basics limit the options to the relevant technology. But in over the years innovative solutions such as transmitters receivers, converters and baluns have allowed cross transmission of video on different cable and wireless solutions.

 

Even further creative uses of older technologies have even provided the single wire solution for both Power and Signal. And they totally differe from the analog twin signal and power cable.

These technologies actually transmit the both the power and signal over the very same cables.

POE. Power Over Ethernet uses the friendly computer cable to make connection between the recorder/viewing station. As the name says there is power and signal transmitted over the ethernet cable with RJ45 connectors.

PLC Power Line Communication or sometimes known as the HomePlug. Transmit both the video and power over the normal house power line. Very stable. Hardly any wiring required in addition to whats there.

POC/EOC Power Over Coaxial and Ethernet Over Coaxial. Now the former is relatively new as traditionally you did not send power over any coaxial cables. Reasons very obvious which you can read up more on the purpose of cables and their types. (You could wiki it and more. Maybe we will do a little write up in the future.) The later Ethernet Over Coaxial is relatively old as it is similar to the token ring network with the exception of the speed and the finickiness of token ring which required very strict cable types, lengths and terminators on each end.

We have written a little bit about this in brief for our customers. But soon there will be some publishing on this here too. Look out for it.

All in all to sum up, the security market today is beyond national deployment in the more staid governmental policing and army. Nor is it the sole commercial controlled security services industry which requires trained personnel (which it used to have and abundance of source in the past. Today they require huge investments into training which is sometimes daunting).

You now have an array of solutions to put part of the monitoring of your security in your hands. And to support the organised bodies to enhance their reach to keep everyone safe.

Got a query or need? Email us at enquiries@kanshare.com.

 

Remote viewing solution for property agents.

Are you a property agent? Does your potential client and their customer find it difficult to schedule all parties in for an initial viewing? Looking for an alternative?

We have an answer. Use CCTVs with cloud access for initial viewing. Use Skype and other such tools for extending your reach (even around the world) and give flexibility to all parties in viewing potential closings.

1. For inhabited properties schedule a time for the CCTV you put in to be turned on for the viewing. When viewing is done, get it turned off again.

2. For uninhabited put in a Mobile internet solution with your cctv solution on all the time ready for viewing. The added advantage you can provide over your competitors to your client? Add on free security till you close the case.

Works for both rentals and sales. And it does not need to be installed permanently at all. We have solutions for temporary installations that do not damage the property and is easy for you to move from one location to another.

Anything there are problems? Just walk it in to our office for a free of charge trouble shooting.

Interested? Email us at enquiries@kanshare.com

CCTV Basics – IP CCTV

IP CCTV in its basic form isn’t basic till bare bones. It in general has a rich feature list that in the analog CCTV offering would be considered rather advanced.

Why where the basic analog cctv which today is now way advanced from its predecessors, the IP CCTV is based on a form of computer and immediately some networking.

That in its base form gives you immediate increase in features. They start immediately by being networked hence easily integrated into a normal IP data network. When in that network its access is easy but along with that easy access there is already some basic authentication requirements unless turned off or given a standard default.

cctv basics - ip cctv

CCTV BASICS – IP CCTV

It can work as a stand alone system right from the start. It provides security to access it, it has open standards to viewing such as pcs, laptops, smart devices such as smart phones, tablets and also dedicated devices. Even recording can be on any device beyond dedicated devices.

Increasing number of view points and devices to capture as well as view is pretty simple.

cctv basics - ip cctv

CCTV Basics – IP CCTV

After adding the devices this is where it can be pretty back to front as opposed to the analog systems. To have a dedicated recording and playback monitoring device now you add a dedicated recorder or multiplexed switching NVR (Recorder)

cctv basics - ip cctv

CCTV basics – IP CCTV

Today the IP CCTV options are so diverse includes wifi based systems and more. Especially visible in the stand alone systems from the more reknown IP product manufacturers where they provide you a wired option in addition to your wireless option(wifi).

Even on the wired option they have improved to provide reuse of as much legacy infrastructure (Coaxial cables, power sockets and more) to make the migration to getting more out of your cctv and giving your monitoring more freedom yet the ability to stay static and have escalated viewing functions.

Its level of mobility is high to being accessible far and wide locally via wire or wifi till the internet on a peer to peer basis (with complicated configuration) or simplified cloud solutions. Its all in your hands.

Got you interested read more in our other article

Single Wire IP CCTV Solutions

Have enquiries? Send them all to enquiries@kanshare.com

 

 

CCTV Basics – Analog CCTV

Close Circuit TeleVision is a tool used in security and monitoring.

In its most basic form just had a camera a screen on the other end, wires to interconnect the devices and power to both end. On the monitor end the connectors started from a coaxial version to a converted variant to RGB format using RCA connectors to d-subs. No recording.

CCTV concentrators with switcher function.

CCTV Concentrators with switcher functions.

As the need for more points to be viewed at a time as less men were deployed then came concentrator boxes such as switchers to switch between camera views. This reduced the installation of screens and one to one deployments of viewing devices. It also brought focus back to the security monitoring team. But it still left a hole during the switch over time. The first versions were manual then came the auto versions based on timers and other logic.

multi screen cctv

Multi screen CCTV

As the need to simplify, shrink foot print of equipment install base, multiplexers were the next innovation on the viewing end of the cctv solution. This gave more than one camera view on one screen. Married with switchers this kind of concentrator gave more options and less security breach opportunity as the viewing was for longer periods of time per multi view.

cctv multi screen with recording

CCTV multi screen with recording

After the evolution of dispersed viewing providing more tools to the security personnel providing a total security solution, evidence was required for prosecution and more. This is where the recording function appeared as the requirement. This combination did not change very much with the exception of accessories such as controllers(joy sticks, keypads, mouse pads, keyboards etc), zoom tools and more.

Today in the analog arena you have High definition video solutions currently the common resolutions are 1Mp (720p), 1.3Mp (960p) and 2Mp (1080p also refered to as full HD).

Analog solutions also have some wireless solutions. Most on radio transmission up to microwave solutions that are commonly proprietary.

Next article is CCTV Basics – IP CCTV

 

Single Wire IP CCTV Solutions

Today where technology has advance so far and the density of human population per square foot increases year on year, the choice to increase security solutions and also put it in your hands rather than hands of strangers is higher.

With the options available it can be confusing and daunting.

KANSHARE SDN BHD has taken the bull by the horns and has taken into its line up single wire CCTV solutions.

What is single wire IP CCTV solutions?

Normally a typical cctv solution requires a viewing capability. That would be refered to as the video (data traffic) images. That would go on one kind of cabling to a recorder with or without a screen. Then to have the device function such as the camera and the recorders they would require power.

Now power can come as a individually prepared power socket that an individual device power adaptor would connect to it or it could come from a central power unit.

Each of these would require one set of cables for data and one for power.

With the single wire CCTV solutions the single wire you pull will carry the power and the video (data traffic) images.

We have single wire for most conditions. They are:

  1. POE (Power Over Ethernet) that is normally used in environments that have ready ethernet cabling that is suitable or new installations where renovation is to be done or any refurbishment work.
  2. POC/EOC (Power Over Coaxial/Ethernet Over Coaxial) this is normally recommended as an upgrade/conversion solution for users whom already have existing systems based on the coaxial cabling (similar to your cable tv or tv terrestrial antenna cable (free to air tv cables). This will bring you great savings in wiring and making good in your installation activities.
  3. PLC (Power Line Communication) this is ideal for places where the renovation has been long completed and the CCTV system forgotten. It is also good for older places that never had CCTV solutions in place. This solution just plugs into your normal 13 amp power socket that you would plug your tv in or blender etc. The power and the video will go along that socket.

Now what ever solution you choose will end up in a recorder refered to as an NVR (Network Video Recorder. Formerly known as a DVR (Digital Video Recorder) in the digital/analog cctv solution.)

Todays recorder not only records, it is a central controller, it joins many images in one view (multiplexer), it also rotates between views (switcher/patrol function), it also provides remote viewing on a peer to peer basis from local to local view and local to remote view (anywhere far away from your home network). It also provides a cloud solution to simplify your connecting requirements from a far off place to your home or work space for what ever reasons you may have.

They are even mobile, with positioning but that is for another topic in our future.

Also to have more details on how each technology is connected and functions in as simple a manner that we can. Keep a look out for our future posts.

For an example of products supporting those technologies follow the links below. Else send us a enquiry at Enquiries@kanshare.com

General Products

http://kanshare.com/Products/

  1. POE http://kanshare.com/Products/cctv-solutions-poe-power-over-ethernet-ip-internet-protocol-technology-for-cctv/
  2. POC/EOC Email us for enquiries
  3. PLC http://kanshare.com/Solutions/wp-admin/post.php?post=78&action=edit

The grade and quality varies but we are sure we have one that will meet your needs. Pushing 2mp (1080p) and higher, but we still do have lower 1.3 (960p), 1.0 (720p) and analog/analogHD.

Tuning

Tuning Rev 1

Isnt tuning the same as configuration? Well it can at times be taken for granted as the same as you may adjust the same settings or function controls. But what essentially tuning is the fine adjustment of placement and settings of your device within your environment or use. This is can be for optimal value or use (sometimes this could be refered to as optimisation) or just the best value for your taste. It may not make much difference to the function in general in most cases where it is done towards the taste of a user or group of users.

But it can make a world of difference when its is conducted for performance. Much like you would adjust and tweak your car or sound system or even make up and art.

What ever the purpose that you run through this activity. Its good to keep in mind that the skill sets may be different and the activity is definately different.

So when securing your service solution do check on what it really includes. It sometimes may be that it is more value that you realise.

The Difference Between Installation And Configuration

DiffBetweenConfigurationNInstallation Rev 1b

Often we are confused or lead to think that installation and configuration are the same. We are also lead to believe that we always need both. Generally we need Installation, but configuration may already be defaulted within the installation process (when software), hard coded in (for software and hardware) or preset (hardware and software).

So what is installation, well when hardware alone is involved or included, it is the process of unpacking, assembling, mounting (where necessary), connecting and interconnecting. This will encompass and include parts, accessories and cables. What it may require in addition to what has been packed is additional parts, mountings, accessories, cables and installation materials. The installation can include but not limited to cable casings, cable clips, cable ties, screws, rawl plugs, rawl bolts and much more. The quantities and requirements definately vary from product to requirement.

In the installation the tools required may be more tangible and physical then in the configuration part. They could start from simple tools such as screw drivers all the way to specialised tools like meters and power tools. Even software has an installation part which in that case is more logical than visibly physical. However what it normally will be is introducing it into the unit that is hosting this software (be it appliance(router, vendor specific device, etc) or terminal (Pc, tablet, phone etc)). In the case where the installation is mainly software, the configuration part may appear seemless with preset information which will get it to work or very simple to insert information such as user name, password etc that the two seem like the same thing. But realistically it is totally two different activities.

Now configuration on the other hand is setting the parameters to get the system going. Now this could also include the creation of accounts, where unique ids and authentication is required (Even basic general use) and other working environment parameters to ensure the equipment or device works for that environment that it is setup for. This can be tricky and may require more specialised knowledge. The configuration could also vary from version to version of the equipment or software used. Now when software is more complicated and requires interworking with other software and hardware there may be extensive design work prior to the configuration work that is needed. The extent and number of experts will depend on the complexity and the skill of the person. Some may require proper trained or experienced technicians, engineers, programmers or integrators.

As with anything the cost of the above varies very widely according to complexity, cost environment (some skills in some countries may cost more due to labour regulations or market dynamics that cause low availability due to high demand or low interest to do such work.) and period that you may want to do that work.

So when getting anything ensure that you are getting both installation and configuration included or that its easy enough that you can do.

Installation And Configuration

Installation and configuration differences

Life Cycle of a System (Applied to product, service and need)

LifecycleOfASystem Rev 1

The search

In the choice of fulfilling a need or want with the use of systems or solutions, the product aspect of choice is only a small portion in most cases, exceptions being pure out of the box consume and dispose products. These would be like bread toasters, lights in bulb or tube formats (all inclusive of other forms too.), tvs, radios, ovens, washing machines and more. These items configuration comes in forms of hard add ons or settings that can be varied in its limited preset ways. Adaptability has come down to a package form. Any need not met is addressed by finding a model more suitable or adjusting your needs to your chosen devices.

On the other extreme is the every element requires customisation and tweaking to your needs. These items too today have more and more become packaged in a manner on the options that you may choose or what it will interwork with. These are much like the banking solutions you buy, jewelry and much more.

The in between would be items that can be mixed and matched. They also work on a variety of options that fall into a certain category. Such as items that require wires. And how the wires can be laid or prepared. In an exposed manner or hidden. There are a whole host of options and choices in this “standard mix and match” segment. Items like security tools. CCTV, alarms, door access systems, cars and more.

For these a search and evaluation period is required. The best case would be a consultant or a good sales person. But in the later category without a little home work on your own to get a feel and understanding may lead to a skewed to the brand of their benefit. ( i say this in the manner where either they have expertise on the more positive segment to the part where they get rewarded for choosing those items.) As such it is a tricky mine field for the purchaser of today. Integrity apparently is a rare quality.

The decision

Next when you move on to the decision to purchase comes a choice of if its possible to get something that is preconfigured and delivered or configured on site. The preconfigured variant normally implies that it can also be easy enough for you to manage or that the cost to reconfigure could be considerably lower as it would be possible to use remote solutions for adjustment and maintenance. But not necessarily so though.

Installation

Normally at the installation stage, its more of an out boxing and connecting all components.

The configuration

Most systems in the middle tier and upper tiers require some configuration. What is configuration? Read more in our upcoming article to have a better understanding. But to proceed at this level, the lowest level of configuration requires the input of some basic settings of the level you want your product to perform at or start up. Yes todays products starting level if is up to current demand is workable out of the box. And configuration normally could be tweaking or personalising.

The testing and commissioning

Once installation and configuration has been complete. A test from basic to vigorous should be attempted before daily use. But you can go the use and fix method too.

Maintenance cycle.

After all use, there should be some maintenance introduced from a basic clean and check up to a more vigorous disassemble and reassemble replacing worn parts if not at least inspecting for wear and approximating end of life. (replacement period).

Expand or upgrade, replacement could be in the cards

If you had purchased a roboust product from technology to durability you will have the option to expand or upgrade its capacity, capabilities with features or more. You will once again head down the search, decision and act path once again. But if its on an expand or upgrade the choices should be more limited. Not necessarily cheaper. But in todays agenda reuse, and extending life is the mandate to keep landfills at controllable levels. Should replace come up due to expiry of the use due to wear or currentness, then your decision process will lead you back into a wider scope to explore as when you first got into this cycle.

And in conclusion there brings you back to the beginning of this article.